Saving machining time High-feed milling cutter reduces cycle time significantly
Germany — By optimising a roughing process when recessing 42CrMo4 steel (1.7225) hardened to 1,000 N/mm2, German subcontractor Jörg Bamann CNC Dreh- und Frästeile in Geretsried has been able to save just under 100 minutes per component thanks to the use of DAH high-feed milling cutters manufactured by Tübingen-based Paul Horn.
A Germany subcontractor's second-generation managing director Jörg Bamann has been using tools from Paul Horn in his production facility for 20 years, but it was only ten years ago that the DAH high-feed face milling system was launched. As the load is in the axial direction, the spindle is mainly under pressure and the lateral forces are relatively small. Due to the low tendency towards vibration, the tools can reliably absorb the high loads at the usual feed per tooth of fz = 1 mm at cutting depths of up to 1.2 mm.
The large radius on the main cutting edge of the indexable inserts results in a soft cut, ensures even distribution of the cutting forces and consequently extends tool life. On the inside, a smaller cutting edge radius makes for quick and easy ramping, whilst the wedge angle gives excellent cutter stability.
Bamann commented: “Before switching to high-feed milling, we machined the 240 mm outside diameter, 40 mm wide, nearly 90 mm deep axial recess with a conventional toroidal milling cutter.” Prior to that the company tried axial turning using tool solutions from various manufacturers, but they were unsatisfactory because none of them had the technical capabilities they needed for producing this recess. “The technique was not viable because turning resulted in large volumes of long chips and, due to the large groove depth, the resulting vibrations negatively affected the life of the inserts,” Bamann explains.
It was a conversation with Horn application engineer Korbinian Niedermeier at EMO 2019 in Hannover that led Jörg Bamann to swap from a toroidal milling cutter to Horn's DAH high-feed system for machining a core part of a hydraulic rotator. It is used mainly for rotating attachments such as demolition shears or concrete crushers mounted on excavators.
With the former tool, which had five indexable inserts, it took over 100 minutes to rough the recess in the rotator parts and it was able to machine 30 of them before the inserts needed indexing. The process was faster than axial turning but resulted in vibration and a high level of noise. Furthermore, the machining time was still too long for Bamann.
He said that the first tests with the DAH milling cutter were immediately successful. There were just a few parameters that had to be adjusted in the test phase. A five-insert mill was specified again, of 40 mm diameter. A CTX 800 TC turning/milling centre from DMG MORI is used to machine the workpiece. The cutting speed is programmed to vc = 150 m/min. The tool is helically interpolated into the workpiece with a continuous axial depth of cut of ap = 1 mm. The radial feed rate (rotational speed of the component) is vf = 4,777 mm/min and the feed per tooth is fz = 0.8 mm.
The new machining time for the recess is now just seven minutes per component — more than 14 times quicker than before — and the life of the triple-edged indexable inserts has increased three-fold to 90 components per edge. Bamann concluded: “We are very happy with the result. Using the high-feed milling cutter has reduced the cycle time considerably. The load on the machine has also decreased, as the cutting pressure and vibration have been reduced significantly along with the machining time - and there is more potential still for machining improvements.”