Labour Market What will characterise job vacancies in the near future?
Czech Republic - When our children grow up, they will have jobs that are currently non-existent and we do not how they will be called.
Over the next few years, the labour market will change completely. The change will be so fast that education will not be able to react to it adequately. All the same – is nothing special, development is in progress over the entire history of mankind and we are now only beginning to be more conscious of it than ever before.
The replacement of human labour with machines has been accompanying mankind all the time. Basic modernisation is in progress in agriculture, public services – telephone operators are replaced by automatic exchanges, we are served by cash dispensers instead of cashiers in department stores, we check-in ourselves at airports, in hotels, instead of a desk clerk there is a check-in and check-out dispenser. Robots perform reviews of papers. A robot has even written a paper that was published in a rousing journal. The happenings at the stock exchange is commented by a PC programme. An internet browser scans our email communication and subsequently presents unwanted customised commercials.
The brain will not be overpowered
Robots can even be associates. Even if they learn well and are able to predict and decide on the basis of experience and express analyses, they will never surpass the creativity of the brain. Only we have to be well prepared and consistently adapt ourselves to it.
The Slovak professor Ján Košturiak states that: ˝Although internet is marvellous, the most complicated and largest network is in our brain.˝ The major changes that are taking place around us are not only based on technology and economy but also have a social, environmental, spiritual and moral ground.
Everything has its time
Every discovery and innovation needs the right time and optimum environment for it to be established and grow successfully. Now, we are at the beginning of the period of the utilisation of information and automation technologies.
Englishman Charles Babbage invented the first computer already in 1937 but mankind had to wait a hundred years before it was possible to replace the functions of complicated and slow mechanical components with electronic ones. He invented the basic principles of the function of a mechanical machine for dealing with complicated computational procedures.
3D printing called stereolithography (SLA) was already patented in 1984 and today we can observe its breakthrough in industrial applications. Professor Michio Kaku describes experiments from the Mayo Clinic (USA), where patients, by means of signals detected from their brains by ECOG sensors, are able to write letters of which they think of.
Present research is focused on issues that would enable people to write words and draw patterns witrh their ˝minds˝. By means of special brain-gate chips, experts are already today able to link the brain of man with a robot and transmit signals from the brain to control robotic limbs or to a cursor on a computer.
What we are talking about are so-called ˝disruptive technologies˝ that create new values for customers, transform businesses and rapidly bury old entrepreneurial fields, firms and jobs. Voice control is currently well developed. Robots can, via a camera, recognise even the mood of a person and react to it. They are able to perceive the direction a person is looking at and analyse his gestures and mimic. In this way appliances will be created that can work similarly as personal assistants.
In all of them and in a number of other trends, the secret lies in the future and its effect on the creation of new job opportunities. We have to prepare ourselves for the coming trends and to react to them, namely in the field of education, in time.
This article appeared in www.maschinenmarkt.international.